|Fachbereich/Institut||Institut für Sozialwissenschaften|
|Verwendet in Studiengängen||
In this module, we will provide an overview of inequality studies, focusing specifically on the European Union as a transnational social space that is increasingly characterized by social inequality – and not just heterogeneity. We will study different theories, perspectives and disciplines addressing various facets and causes of transnational social inequality. After a theoretical introduction to the field of inequality studies that emphasizes the multidimensionality of social inequalities, we will analyse the dynamics of income and wealth inequality in a comparative perspective (European and global).
(a) In the postwar period, income inequality declined in most developed countries as a result of trade union activities, social security and mass education. This changed with the “great U-turn” of the 1970s, when within-nation income inequality and also wealth inequality increased again, while at the same time European and global income inequalities decreased. The reasons for the increase of within-nation inequality are still controversial: while some authors refer to exogenous trends such as globalization or technological change, other studies focus on endogenous economic structures and institutional and demographic changes. Recently, the crucial role not only of income inequality but also of wealth inequality (T. Piketty) and inequality between social status groups and classes (Goldthorpe) has been highlighted once again.
(b) The process of European integration has made cross-border determinants and transnational perceptions of social inequality increasingly important. The European Union (EU) is evolving into a political and social entity exerting significant influence on income inequalities. We will therefore take a European perspective on the structure of income inequality, poverty and deprivation as well as unequal opportunities to participate in the labour market. Existing patterns of social inequality and their development will be explained by socio-demographic characteristics as well as national/transnational contexts. We will also review a key finding of current inequality research, namely the "double dualization" of inequality in Europe, meaning that the inequality of objective living conditions has increased since the beginning of the current financial, sovereign debt and economic crisis, both between different social groups and between the regions of Europe (Continental und Northern European countries versus Southern and Eastern European countries).
(c) Last but not least, we will shortly review the literature on global income inequality.
|Dauer in Semestern||1 Semester|
|Modullevel||AS (Akzentsetzung / Accentuation)|
|Modulart||Wahlpflicht / Elective|
|Lern-/Lehrform / Type of program|
|Vorkenntnisse / Previous knowledge|
|Vorlesung und Seminar||0.00||SoSe oder WiSe||0 h|
|Seminar und Arbeitsgruppe||0.00||SoSe oder WiSe||0 h|
|Präsenzzeit Modul insgesamt||56 h|
1 Klausur oder
1 Hausarbeit oder
1 Referat oder
1 Portfolio oder
1 mündliche Prüfung