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29.11.2021 15:12:15
pre365 - Fundamentals (Complete module description)
Original version English Download as PDF
Module label Fundamentals
Module code pre365
Credit points 7.0 KP
Workload 210 h
Institute directory Institute of Physics
Applicability of the module
  • Master's Programme European Master in Renewable Energy (EUREC) (Master) > Mastermodule
Responsible persons
Skills to be acquired in this module
After the completion of the module the student will
- understand the theoretical basis of radiation models to be used in solar engineering processes.
- understand the principles and the modelling approaches of combined heat and mass transfer in solar processes.
- understand the effect of radiation in a solar process.
- understand the radiative heat transfer methods of resolution to be used in solar applications.
- understand the various assumptions and computing efficiency of radiation models.
- understand the models’ limitations to practical uses.
- acquire the knowledge of the main radiative properties of materials used in solar processes.
- be aware of the important development in radiation measurement.
- acquire knowledge of the optical measurement issues.
- have a critical understanding of the effect of radiation on fluid flows.
- have a critical understanding of radiation modelling in solar processes.
- have a critical understanding of the methodology that should be used in a practical situation where radiative heat transfer is to be solved, and coupled with other transfer modes.
- be able to compare and evaluate radiation simulation results from different models.
- have a critical understanding of optical properties and their influences on radiation heat transfer.
- will have a critical understanding of optical measurements.
Module contents
1. Radiative heat transfer
- Fundamentals of Thermal Radiation
- Radiative Exchange between Surfaces
- Radiative properties of opaque surfaces
- View factors
- Radiative exchange between grey and diffuse surfaces
- Equation of Radiative Transfer in Participating Media
- Equation of radiative transfer
- Formal solutions
- Boundary conditions
- Radiative Properties of Participating Media
- Radiative properties of molecular gases
- Radiative properties of particulate media
- Radiative Transfer through Participating Media
- Collimated irradiation
- The Two-Flux method
- The method of Discrete Ordinates
- The Monte Carlo method
- The Rosseland approximation
- The Diffusion approximation
- High temperature measurements
- Pyrometry
- Infrared thermography
2. Combined heat and mass
- Conduction
- Fundamental Equations
- Balance equations
- Examples
- Convection
- Fundamental Equations
- Forced Convection (resolution of the Couette flow with temperature)
- Natural Convection (approximation of Boussinesq)
- Adimensionnal equations
- CFD softwares
Reader's advisory
Modest M. F.: Radiative Heat Transfer. 2003.
Siegel R., Howell J.R.: Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer. 2002.
Lesieur: Turbulence in Fluids, Kluwer Academic Publisher, 1997.
James, Smith and Wolford: Applied numerical methods for digital computation, Harper & Row, New-York.
Language of instruction English
Duration (semesters) 1 Semester
Module frequency jährlich
Module capacity unlimited
Modullevel / module level MM (Mastermodul)
Modulart / typ of module Pflicht
Lehr-/Lernform / Teaching/Learning method
Vorkenntnisse / Previous knowledge
Examination Time of examination Type of examination
Final exam of module
Written exam : End of the Semester / end of May
Written report : during the semester / February to May
Written exam (50%): 2 hours
Written report (50%): extended laboratory report, 10-20 pages
Course type Seminar
Workload attendance 0 h