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phy502 - Solid State Physics (Complete module description)
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Module label Solid State Physics
Module code phy502
Credit points 6.0 KP
Workload 180 h
180 h (Präsenzzeit 84h, Selbststudium: 96h)
Institute directory Institute of Physics
Applicability of the module
  • Bachelor's Programme Engineering Physics (Bachelor) > Aufbaumodule
Responsible persons
Nilius, Niklas (Module responsibility)
Lienau, Christoph (Authorized examiners)
Nilius, Niklas (Authorized examiners)
Schäfer, Sascha (Authorized examiners)
Wollenhaupt, Matthias (Authorized examiners)
Kittel, Achim (Authorized examiners)
Experimental Physics I-IV, Quantum structure of Matter
Skills to be acquired in this module
The students gain comprehensive insights into solid state physics and associated phenomena. They learn how symmetry operations are interconnected with structural parameters of solids. From the chemical interaction between atoms, the binding properties and thermodynamic stability of solids are derived. The oscillatory motion of atoms in simple 1D chain models is extended towards the dynamic response of crystals, while a statistical analysis leads to the concept of heat capacity and heat conductance of solids. The quantum mechanical description of particles in a box is exploited to develop the model of free and quasi-free electrons as well as the band structure of solids. The students are made familiar with the economically relevant fields of semiconductor and low temperature physics as well as magnetism.
Module contents
Crystal structures and symmetries, Bravais lattices, Reciprocal lattice and translational symmetry, Brillouin zone, Binding principles in solids (covalent, ionic, metallic, van-der Waals and hydrogen bonding), Dynamic properties of solids, Phonons, Atomic chain models, Dispersion relation, Specific heat, Heat conductance, Electrons in solids, Model of free and quasi-free electrons, State density, Fermi energy, Electrons in periodic potentials, Bloch theorem, Band model of electrons, Effective mass, Band gap, Occupation numbers, Semiconductors, Doping, Dielectric properties, Magnetic properties, Dia-, para- and ferro magnetism, Superconductivity
Reader's advisory

1. N. W. Ashcroft, N. D. Mermin: Solid State Physics. Sounders College, Philadelphia,

2. Introduction to Solid State Physics | Kittel, Charles | ISBN: 9780471415268

3. S. Elliott: The Physics and Chemistry of Solids. John Wiley & Sons, West Sussex (UK),

4. H. Ibach, H. Lüth: Festkörperphysik. Springer, Berlin
Language of instruction English
Duration (semesters) 1 Semester
Module frequency jährlich
Module capacity unlimited
Modullevel / module level AC (Aufbaucurriculum / Composition)
Modulart / typ of module je nach Studiengang Pflicht oder Wahlpflicht
Lehr-/Lernform / Teaching/Learning method Vorlesung: 4 SWS, Übung: 2 SWS
Vorkenntnisse / Previous knowledge
Course type Comment SWS Frequency Workload of compulsory attendance
2 SuSe and WiSe 28
2 SuSe and WiSe 28
Total time of attendance for the module 56 h
Examination Time of examination Type of examination
Final exam of module