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06.12.2023 09:32:31
phy502 - Solid State Physics (Complete module description)
Original version English PDF download
Module label Solid State Physics
Module abbreviation phy502
Credit points 6.0 KP
Workload 180 h
180 h (Präsenzzeit 84h, Selbststudium: 96h)
Institute directory Institute of Physics
Applicability of the module
  • Bachelor's Programme Engineering Physics (Bachelor) > Aufbaumodule
Responsible persons
  • Nilius, Niklas (module responsibility)
  • Kittel, Achim (Prüfungsberechtigt)
  • Lienau, Christoph (Prüfungsberechtigt)
  • Nilius, Niklas (Prüfungsberechtigt)
  • Schäfer, Sascha (Prüfungsberechtigt)
  • Wollenhaupt, Matthias (Prüfungsberechtigt)
Experimental Physics I-IV, Quantum structure of Matter
Skills to be acquired in this module
The students gain comprehensive insights into solid state physics and associated phenomena. They learn how symmetry operations are interconnected with structural parameters of solids. From the chemical interaction between atoms, the binding properties and thermodynamic stability of solids are derived. The oscillatory motion of atoms in simple 1D chain models is extended towards the dynamic response of crystals, while a statistical analysis leads to the concept of heat capacity and heat conductance of solids. The quantum mechanical description of particles in a box is exploited to develop the model of free and quasi-free electrons as well as the band structure of solids. The students are made familiar with the economically relevant fields of semiconductor and low temperature physics as well as magnetism.
Module contents
Crystal structures and symmetries, Bravais lattices, Reciprocal lattice and translational symmetry, Brillouin zone, Binding principles in solids (covalent, ionic, metallic, van-der Waals and hydrogen bonding), Dynamic properties of solids, Phonons, Atomic chain models, Dispersion relation, Specific heat, Heat conductance, Electrons in solids, Model of free and quasi-free electrons, State density, Fermi energy, Electrons in periodic potentials, Bloch theorem, Band model of electrons, Effective mass, Band gap, Occupation numbers, Semiconductors, Doping, Dielectric properties, Magnetic properties, Dia-, para- and ferro magnetism, Superconductivity
Recommended reading

1. N. W. Ashcroft, N. D. Mermin: Solid State Physics. Sounders College, Philadelphia,

2. Introduction to Solid State Physics | Kittel, Charles | ISBN: 9780471415268

3. S. Elliott: The Physics and Chemistry of Solids. John Wiley & Sons, West Sussex (UK),

4. H. Ibach, H. Lüth: Festkörperphysik. Springer, Berlin
Language of instruction English
Duration (semesters) 1 Semester
Module frequency jährlich
Module capacity unlimited
Module level
Type of module
Teaching/Learning method
Previous knowledge
Type of course Comment SWS Frequency Workload of compulsory attendance
Lecture 2 SoSe und WiSe 28
Exercises 2 SoSe und WiSe 28
Total module attendance time 56 h
Examination Examination times Type of examination
Final exam of module